PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : Sam, i was googling the NIGERIA RAILWAYS
and
i saw from Google Search that
Rail Engines have been running for a very long while in
NIGERIA, WESTERN AFRICA, AFRICA.

SAM : that’s the reality, Pebblez. the Railways was actually initiated and built by THE BRITISH during the era in WORLD HISTORY in which BRITAIN owned, ruled and administered NIGERIA as it’s property and colony in AFRICA.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : the Natives i.e the Native Tribes of Nigeria have been ruling themselves i.e ruling Nigeria since 1960.
right ?
that’s all of 2022 – 1960 = 62 years now.
isn’t it ?

SAM : yeah. and in that time they i.e Nigeria has been able to add one or two Rail Lines i.e Rail Tracks here and there but still as at date November 2022, the Railways Infrastructures put in place by the British constitutes most of i.e the greater part of the Railway Infrastructure in Nigeria.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : i saw something on Google that was saying that
most of the Rail Tracks
are the OLD NARROW GUAGE TRACKS
and not STANDARD GUAGE TRACKS.

SAM : yeah.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : Sam, does Nigeria build Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches ? is there any Nigeria natives owned company that builds Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches in Nigeria ?


SAM : No.
Pebblez, as at date November 2022, Nigeria does not build Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches.
and to also answer your other question ,
as at date November 2022, Pebblez, there is no Nigeria natives owned company that builds Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches in Nigeria.

however, i am aware that
back in the day
way back in the day
far back in the day
far way back in the day

circa 1974 i.e ( 2022 – 1974 = ) 48 years ago
circa 1975 i.e ( 2022 – 1975 = ) 47 years ago
circa 1976 i.e ( 2022 – 1976 = ) 46 years ago
circa 1977 i.e ( 2022 – 1977 = ) 45 years ago
circa 1978 i.e ( 2022 – 1978 = ) 44 years ago
circa 1979 i.e ( 2022 – 1979 = ) 43 years ago

there were some Nigeria Railway Corporation Engineers who used to
sometimes talk about it
and
who were of the view then that

Nigeria has the potential
Nigeria has the capacity
Nigeria has the capability

to build Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches
and that
if the appropriate investment is put in in that direction
it would have many multiple beneficial effects on the Nigeria Economy
ranging

from the provision of employment to persons who would be working
in the
🟪 Rail Engines building / manufacturing company,
🟪 Rail Coaches building / manufacturing company,
🟪 related manufacturing companies e.g the Engine Head Lamps manufacturing company,
etc

🟣 to other positive up-stream effects
🟣 to multiple positive down-stream effects
🟣 to multiple positive collateral effects

linked to and derivative from having
a robust, viable and economically profitable
manufacturing concern
in Nigeria



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : really ??

SAM : yeah.
they were of the view that
Nigeria has many nature given advantages
Nigeria has many GOD given blessings
that gives
Nigeria much Comparative Advantage as
a builder of Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches

for example
the manufacturing process may require Steel or Iron
and
Nigeria has huge abundant quantities of Iron Ore
which is the basic raw material used to make Steel or Iron

and so
Nigeria wouldn’t have to
spend huge amounts of money
buying and/or importing and/or sourcing Iron Ore from anywhere else
as Nigeria already has huge abundant quantities of Iron Ore
which it can process into
the Steel Components or Iron Components required
for building Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : that would really be great as
Nigeria could then probably manufacture Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches that could be purchased

🌍 by other Africa Countries e.g in Western Africa, Africa
🌍 by other Africa Countries e.g in Eastern Africa, Africa
🌍 by other Africa Countries e.g in Central Africa, Africa
🌍 by other Africa Countries e.g in Southern Africa, Africa

🌍 by other Africa Countries e.g in Arab Northern Africa, Africa

🌎 by Countries outside Africa e.g in Asia

🌏 by Countries outside Africa e.g in the Carribeans / West Indies

🌐 etc, etc


SAM : that’s right, Pebbelz.
those Nigeria Railway Engineers of back in the day
were also of the view that

🟩 Nigeria is hugely blessed by the phenomenon of existing circumstances
🟩 Nigeria is hugely blessed by the phenomenon of prevailing circumstances

to benefit hugely from
building / manufacturing Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches
as

apart from having huge population(s) that require(s) transportation facilities

Nigeria also huge land areas in which / over which

✅️ transportation is required
✅️ transportation infrastructure is required
✅️ transportation investment is required

and in the instance of Railway Engineering
Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches
have already been created and invented

so the Invention Challenge
so the Creation Challenge

has already been removed

and all Nigeria has to do

is either :

[A] COPY EXISTING DESIGNS
AND MODIFY THEM SLIGHTLY HERE AND THERE
so as to overcome possible Copyright ? Claims
and
be able to produce and market the
MADE IN NIGERIA Rail Engines and/or Rail Coaches
as
ORIGINAL BRAND NAMES / ORIGINAL BRANDS / AUTHENTIC BRANDS

or

[B] FOLLOW
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH
i.e
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : how do you mean “FOLLOW
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH ?
i.e
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM” ?

what do you mean “FOLLOW
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH ?
i.e
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM” ?

what is “THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH ? i.e THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM” ?

i am not familiar with it


SAM : at that time
Nigeria was saying that
Nigeria had observed that

🟡 the leading nations of the world
🟡 the leading economies of the world

🟡 the G-7

🟡 countries like
🟧 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
🟧 RUSSIA
🟧 CHINA
🟧 GERMANY
🟧 CANADA
🟧 BRITAIN
🟧 ETC

🔴 were all ( Manufactured Goods ) Producer Nations
🔴 were all Scientifically Advanced Nations
🔴 were all Technologically Advanced Nations

and that
any country that wanted to have a bouyant economy like those nations

🟥 needs to become a ( Manufactured Goods ) Producer Nation
🟥 needs to invest in Scientific Development
🟥 needs to invest in Technological Development

and that one thing that can help Nigeria
to become
a ( Manufactured Goods ) Producer Nation
a Scientifically Developed Country
a Technologically Advanced Country

is the
ADOPTION AND APPLICATION OF

🟨 THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH
towards becoming
a ( Manufactured Goods ) Producing Nation

🟨 THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS CONCEPT
towards becoming
a Technologically Advanced Country



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : could you explain what
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH
towards becoming
a ( Manufactured Goods ) Producing Nation
is ?

SAM : as far as i can understand it,
what it is is, for example,

Nigeria could do some information gathering and some research
with
the key questions
the lead questions
the guiding questions
being

WHO MAKES RAILWAY ENGINES ?

WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE COMPANIES THAT MAKE RAILWAY ENGINES ?

WHICH COMPANIES BUILD THE BEST RAILWAY ENGINES IN THE WORLD ?

WHAT BRAND NAMES / MAKES OF RAILWAY ENGINES ARE THE BEST RAILWAY ENGINES IN THE WORLD ?


WHO MAKES RAILWAY PASSENGER COACHES ?

WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE COMPANIES THAT MAKE RAILWAY PASSENGER COACHES ?

WHICH COMPANIES BUILD THE BEST RAILWAY PASSENGER COACHES IN THE WORLD ?

WHAT BRAND NAMES / MAKES OF RAILWAY PASSENGER COACHES ARE THE BEST RAILWAY PASSENGER COACHES IN THE WORLD ?


PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : go on

SAM : then they could look at these companies and say something like

THE RAILWAY ENGINES BUILT FOR THE USA
ARE WIDE GAUGE ENGINES
because
the size of the RAIL TRACK ( WIDE GAUGE ) in the USA
is

BIGGER / WIDER / LARGER than

the size of the RAIL TRACK ( STANDARD GAUGE ) in EUROPE

and the size of the RAIL TRACK in ( NARROW GAUGE ) NIGERIA is

SMALLER than

BOTH
the size of the RAIL TRACK ( WIDE GAUGE ) in the USA
and
the size of the RAIL TRACK ( STANDARD GAUGE ) in the EUROPE

so we have a problem / challenge based on this



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : a problem ? a challenge ? why ? how ?

SAM : the size of the RAILWAY ENGINE
is DIRECTLY RELATED to
the size of the RAIL TRACK.

STANDARD GAUGE SIZE RAILWAY ENGINES
which are used in EUROPE
e.g in BRITAIN

CAN NOT be used in USA
because the USA RAIL TRACK is
TOO BIG … TOO LARGE … TOO WIDE …
for them

i.e
they CAN NOT be used in USA
because they are
TOO SMALL … TOO LITTLE …
for the USA RAIL TRACK



PEBBELZ DA MODEL : that makes sense. go on.

SAM : simillarly,
WIDE GAUGE SIZE RAILWAY ENGINES
which are used in USA

CAN NOT be used in EUROPE
because the EUROPE RAIL TRACK is
TOO SMALL … TOO LITTLE …
for them.

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PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : that’s clear so far. go on.

SAM : EUROPE has PHASED OUT the NARROW GAUGE SIZE RAIL TRACK.
so, for example, in BRITAIN

ALL THE RAIL TRACK is STANDARD GAUGE SIZE RAIL TRACK

and

ALL THE RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDERS / MAKERS
make / build
STANDARD GAUGE SIZE RAILWAY ENGINES

because there is NO
NARROW GAUGE SIZE RAIL TRACK
anywhere in BRITAIN anymore

so NO BRITISH RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDERS / MAKERS
makes / builds
NARROW GAUGE SIZE RAILWAY ENGINES anymore

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PEBBELZ DA MODEL : i get it.
so, if for example, a BRITISH RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDER / MAKER
is going to make / build
RAILWAY ENGINES for NIGERIA

it is going to be
it is going to have to be

A SPECIAL ORDER
A SPECIAL EFFORT

since that BRITISH RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDER / MAKER
is going to be making / building

RAILWAY ENGINES of a SIZE NO LONGER IN USE
ANYWHERE IN BRITAIN ANYMORE

RAILWAY ENGINES of a SIZE NO LONGER IN PRODUCTION
ANYWHERE IN BRITAIN ANYMORE

SAM : exactly



PEBBELZ DA MODEL : and that works THE SAME WAY too for
USA RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDERS / MAKERS

because , if for example, a USA RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDER / MAKER
is going to make / build
RAILWAY ENGINES for NIGERIA

it is ALSO going to be
it is ALSO going to have to be

A SPECIAL ORDER
A SPECIAL EFFORT

since that USA RAILWAY ENGINES BUILDER / MAKER
is going to be making / building

RAILWAY ENGINES of a SIZE NOT IN USE
ANYWHERE IN USA

RAILWAY ENGINES of a SIZE NOT IN PRODUCTION
ANYWHERE IN USA

SAM : gbam !
[ gbam ! = igbo /ibo / eegboe / eeboe / egboe / eboe tribe in/of Nigeria onomatopoeia meaning : spot on ! in this usage. the onomatopoeia gbam ! generally conveys affirmation ]


PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : what it also means really is that
since the making / building of a
NARROW GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINE

is NOW

ONLY FOR SPECIAL ORDERS

and

is NOW

A SPECIAL EFFORT

the NARROW GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINE is
actually to be ( FAR ) MORE EXPENSIVE than

the STANDARD GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINE
which is used everywhere in EUROPE

SAM : yes.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : so, really,

the EARLIER Nigeria CONVERTS ALL it’s RAIL TRACKS
the SOONER Nigeria CONVERTS ALL it’s RAIL TRACKS
the FASTER Nigeria CONVERTS ALL it’s RAIL TRACKS
the QUICKER Nigeria CONVERTS ALL it’s RAIL TRACKS

from
NARROW GAUGE RAIL TRACKS
to
STANDARD GAUGE RAIL TRACKS

the BETTER for NIGERIA
economically,
financially and
operationally

in the SHORT TERM
in the MEDIUM TERM and
in the LONG TERM

SAM : yeah, Pebbelz, yeah.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : so what really means is that

if NIGERIA is going to build a

RAILWAY ENGINES MANUFACTURING PLANT
RAILWAY ENGINES ASSEMBLY PLANT

then NIGERIA is going to have to decide if that

RAILWAY ENGINES MANUFACTURING PLANT
RAILWAY ENGINES ASSEMBLY PLANT

will be a relevant, functional, economically viable VENTURE

manufacturing STANDARD GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES

or

an ANACHRONISTIC ASSEMBLY LINE

churning out the old, technologically outdated
NARROW GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES

or PERHAPS build BOTH
given the peculiarities of it’s own operating circumstances.

SAM : again, you are 100% correct, Pebbelz.



PEBBLEZ : but hows does all of this connect
to
“THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH ? i.e
THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM” ?

SAM : well, putting in terms of the basics
and
from the perspective of moving forward step-by-step from first principles,

what it is is this :

all production plants
all manufacturing plants

are basically an aggregate of assembly lines
leading up to the final assembled product / manufactured product.

there is usually a MAIN CENTRAL ASSEMBLY LINE
to which
FEEDER ASSEMBLY LINES are linked.

the ESSENTIAL FRAME / ESSENTIAL SUBSTANCE
of that / any
production plant
manufacturing plant
moves
on the MAIN CENTRAL ASSEMBLY LINE
from POINT A ( START POINT )
to POINT Z ( END PRODUCT )

and the
OTHER COMPONENTS OF THE PRODUCT
are integrated
at SPECIFIC FEEDER POINTS
and/or
COUPLED INTO it
ADDED INTO it
from
FEEDER ASSEMBLY LINES
at SPECIFIC FEEDER POINTS
along the PRODUCTION LINE / MANUFACTURING LINE



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : OK, Sam, got that. go on.

SAM : usually the Manufacturer is a SPECIALIST in the product that it manufactures / product as a company.

however,
very often, to get it’s FINAL PRODUCT there is a need for INPUT from OTHER AREAS OUTSIDE IT’S CORE AREA of BUSINESS.

for example,
a RAILWAY ENGINE MANUFACTURER may need to have
SPEEDOMETERS or
HEAD LAMPS
in it’s RAILWAY ENGINE.

now, since
neither
SPEEDOMETERS or
HEAD LAMPS
is it’s CORE AREA OF BUSINESS
is it’s CORE AREA OF SPECIALIZATION

it will give the contract of making
SPEEDOMETERS or
HEAD LAMPS
to

a MANUFACTURER OF HIGH QUALITY SPEEDOMETERS
and/or
a MANUFACTURER OF HIGH QUALITY HEAD LAMPS

who will then manufacture to agreed DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS

and
thereafter SUPPLY for integration into the PRODUCTION PROCESS.



PEBBELZ DO MODEL : alright.

SAM : so, in very many ways,
the PRODUCTION PROCESS / MANUFACTURING PROCESS
is very much like
an AIRFIX KIT
with VARIOUS PARTS
that can be joined together
to make the MODEL.

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PEBBELZ DA MODEL : i can see that. go on.

SAM : those parts of the AIRFIX KIT
that you put together to make the MODEL
are sort of equivalent to
“THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) PARTS”
i.e
“THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS”

used in
“THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH”
i.e
‘THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM”
of
MANUFACTURING / PRODUCTION.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : yeah.

SAM : so what NIGERIA and/or
ANY OTHER ENTITY using
“THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH”
i.e
‘THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM”
does

is to ask the PRODUCT MANUFACTURER
to BUILD
the CENTRAL / FINAL ASSEMBLY LINE

as a MANUFACTURING PLANT
as a PRODUCTION PLANT
in it’s country / location

and then send in the
VARIOUS PARTS
VARIOUS COMPONENTS
VARIOUS COMPONENT PARTS
which

will be integrated to ASSEMBLE the FINAL PRODUCT.



PEBBELZ DA MODEL : aha !!

SAM : yeah. what NIGERIA and/or
ANY OTHER ENTITY using
“THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS APPROACH”
i.e
‘THE COMPLETELY-KNOCKED-DOWN ( CKD ) COMPONENTS SYSTEM”

ALSO does

is to ask the PRODUCT MANUFACTURER
to send

TECHNICAL STAFF
SUPERVISORS
ENGINEERS

who will TRAIN
the NIGERIA STAFF and/or
the STAFF OF THAT ANY OTHER ENTITY

on how to RUN THE PRODUCTION LINE
on how to RUN THE MANUFACTURING LINE.

sometimes, the contract also STIPULATES that
one or some of the TRAINERS
should remain BEHIND
either PERMANENTLY
or FOR AN AGREED TIME PERIOD

to sort out issues, if any, that might arise
and which
the TRAINED STAFF may not have acquired

the required depth of knowledge
the required expertise
the required experience

to handle.



PEBBLEZ DA MODEL : so it’s really up to Nigeria to think well and decide what it thinks is best for Nigeria and invest in

either
BUILDING STANDARD GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES

or
BUILDING STANDARD GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES

or
BUILDING BOTH
STANDARD GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES
and
NARROW GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES

or
NONE AT ALL
i.e
NOT INVEST IN

BUILDING EITHER
STANDARD GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES
and
NARROW GAUGE RAILWAY ENGINES

SAM : you are very correct, Pebbelz.
all the same there are 3 ( THREE ) FACTORS that can have an impact.


PEBBELZ DA MODEL : really ? what are the 3 ( THREE) FACTORS ?

SAM : well, Pebbelz, FACTOR ONE is

the FACTOR OF what

🟢 THE PEOPLE THAT MAKE THINGS HAPPEN
in Nigeria

🟢 THE POLITICAL LEADERS and the POLITICAL ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE LEADERS OF GOVERNMENT BUSINESS
and
the GOVERNMENT BUSINESS ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE LEADERS OF PRIVATE SECTOR BUSINESS
and
the PRIVATE SECTOR BUSINESS ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE BUSINESS LEADERS and the BUSINESS ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE FINANCIAL LEADERS and the FINANCIAL ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE ECONOMIC LEADERS and the ECONOMIC ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE ECONOMY LEADERS and the ECONOMY ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE GOVERNMENT LEADERS and the GOVERNMENT ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE PRIVATE SECTOR LEADERS and the PRIVATE SECTOR ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE CORPORATE LEADERS and the CORPORATE ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE SOCIAL LEADERS and the SOCIAL ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC LEADERS and the SOCIO-ECONOMIC ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE SOCIAL and ECONOMIC LEADERS and the SOCIAL and ECONOMIC ELITE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE PACE SETTERS
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE TREND SETTERS
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE JET SETTERS
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE INTELLIGENTSIA
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE LEADERS OF OPINION
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE FOLKS THAT MOULD AND SHAPE OPINION
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE WIELDERS OF INFLUENCE
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE MOVERS AND SHAKERS
in and of Nigeria

🟢 THE PEOPLE(S) THAT MATTER(S)
in and of Nigeria


feel and decide that they want for Nigeria

both in terms of

whether or not
they want
WORLD CLASS RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE across all Nigeria

and
whether or not
they want
NIGERIA to be MANUFACTURER and BUILDER of RAILWAY ENGINES

if they want it to happen
it will come to be
because they can make it happen

if they DON’T want it to happen
it will PROBABLY NEVER come to be
because IT IS NOT LIKELY that ANY ENTITY OUTSIDE OF THEM
can put together

the kind of finance / funding required
the kind of cohesion, etc,

to make it happen



PEBBELZ DA MODEL : what is the SECOND FACTOR

SAM : well, FACTOR TWO is really
the FACTOR OF VIABILITY AND PRAGMATISM.

by this, i mean that
between 1960 and date 2022
Nigeria has invested in a number of enterprises
at Federal Government Level
and State Government Level

virtually all of these enterprises did well at the beginning
and also for some time thereafter

however at some point or the other
many / most of them went downhill.

i am not sure that
right here
right now
between / for you and me
there is any value in x-raying the reasons for the downturn in the economic fortunes of these / those companies

so i guess it will suffice
for you and me to recognize that

PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION may be of much value

especially if there is

an INVESTOR / some INVESTORS that have
the sort of FINANCIAL MUSCLE required

some BANKS / FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
locally and /or internationally
that can provide

the sort of START UP CAPITAL that may be required
the sort of OPERATING FUNDS that may be required
the sort of BACK UP FUNDS that may be required



PEBBELZ DA MODEL : and FACTOR THREE is ?

SAM : the THIRD FACTOR is really derivative of an observation.
so let me put it like this :

the RAIL WAYS ( RAILWAYS ) is not the only mode of transport in the world.
there are other modes of transport e.g the AIR WAYS ( AIRWAYS )

i.e to say
just like the RAIL LINES exist
there also exists the AIR LINES

now what has happened in Nigeria
is that Nigeria created a
Federal Ministry specifically to
manage and address issues related to
Air Transport
Air Travel
Air Ways
Air Lines

i.e the Federal Ministry of Aviation
and over the years
the existence of a Ministry specifically dedicated to
managing and addressing issues related to
Air Transport
Air Travel
Air Ways
Air Lines

has helped the growth of the Air Travel industry in Nigeria greatly
has helped the growth of the Air Travel industry in Nigeria immeasurably
has helped the growth of the Air Travel industry in Nigeria in no small measure

so it will probably also
help the growth of the Rail Travel industry in Nigeria greatly
help the growth of the Rail Travel industry in Nigeria immeasurably
help the growth of the Rail Travel industry in Nigeria in no small measure

if
Nigeria creates a Federal Ministry of Rails
specifically dedicated to
managing and addressing issues related to
Rail Transport
Rail Travel
Rail Ways
Rail Lines

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NOTICE OF WORK IN PROGRESS :

please note that while this piece has been posted,
it is in fundamental essence
and

to all intents and purposes
a WORK IN PROGRESS
and shall thus be updated and edited
from time to time accordingly
until such a time that the work stands or can stand for itself

road sign – work in progress



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By sam

Samuel Ojekwe is essentially just your basic everyday fellow that you see in your neighbourhood while you go about doing your stuff and who, like you, wishes and hopes that the world becomes a better place for all of us.

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